Composer (attr.): Michael Haydn

Johann Michael Haydn Austria 1737-1806. Born at Rohrau, Austria, the son of a wheelwright and town mayor (a very religious man who also played the harp and was a great influence on his sons' religious thinking), and the younger brother of Franz Joseph Haydn, he became a choirboy in his youth at the Cathedral of St. Stephen in Vienna, as did his brother, Joseph, an exceptional singer. For that reason boys both were taken into the church choir. Michael was a brighter student than Joseph, but was expelled from music school when his voice broke at age 17. The brothers remained close all their lives, and Joseph regarded Michael's religious works superior to his own. Michael played harpsichord, violin, and organ, earning a precarious living… Go to person page >

Tune Information

Title: GREENLAND (Haydn)
Composer (attr.): Michael Haydn
Meter: D
Incipit: 35555 13322 44323
Key: E♭ Major
Source: Lausanne Psalter
Copyright: Public Domain


GREENLAND, an example of the popular nineteenth-century practice of creating hymn tunes from the works of classical composers, is thought to be originally from one of J. Michael Haydn's (PHH 67) "Deutschen Kirchen Messen." The tune acquired its title from its occasional association with the text "From Greenland's Icy Mountains" by Reginald Heber (PHH 249).

The harmonization is from Benjamin Jacob's National Psalmody (1819). Jacob (b. London, England, 1778; d. London, 1829) became the organist of Salem Chapel in Soho, London, at age ten. Known as one of the best organists of his day, he was also active as a pianist and conductor. He included his own tunes and harmonizations as well as those of others in the 1819 hymnbook he compiled.

GREENLAND has a large range, strong high points, and a rising "rocket" figure at the beginning of the fourth line. It is well suited to choral harmony with brass accompaniment. Because the first two stanzas are sung by believers to believers, the congregation could divide as follows: women on stanza 1; men on stanza 2; all on stanza 3. Sing the hymn with a great sense of rejoicing, but note the change (st. 2-3) to a sense of hopeful expectation that Christ will soon return.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1988



Harmonizations, Introductions, Descants, Intonations

  • Free Organ Accompaniments to One Hundred Well-known Hymn Tunes
    Composer/Editor T. Tertius Noble
    Published By: J. Fischer & Brothers (1946) pp. 6

Organ Solo

  • Risen & Exalted!: An Eastertide Celebration for Organ
    Composer/Editor Lani Smith
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2006) pp. 9
  • The Organist's Library Volume 23
    Composer/Editor Lani Smith
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1998) pp. 27
  • The Organ Portfolio Volume 60 Number 6 July August 1997: A Bi-Monthly Anthology for the Church Organist
    Composer/Editors Dorothy Wells; Lani Smith
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1997) pp. 27
  • The Times of Worship Volume One: The Time of Christmas: Settings of Twenty-one Hymns for Advent, Christmas, and Epiphany for Organ alone or for Organ and Narrator
    Composer/Editor Richard Hudson
    Published By: Wayne Leupold Editions, Inc. (1997) pp. 20

Piano Solo

  • The Church Pianist Volume 14 Number 4 March April 1998: The Pianist's Companion for the Church Year
    Composer/Editors Hugh S. Livingston, Jr.; Ross Anderson
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1998) pp. 9

Instruments: Clarinet and Organ

  • Instruments for All Seasons Chorale Preludes for the Liturgical Year: Volume II Clarinet and Organ
    Composer/Editor Robert J. Powell
    Published By: Concordia Publishing House (2007) pp. 4


Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #708
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #2194
Text: How Beauteous on the Mountains
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #4994
Text: O Hear Them Marching, Marching
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #333
Text: Rejoice, Rejoice, Believers
  • Full Score (PDF, XML)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)


Instances (1 - 15 of 15)

Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #708

Church Hymnal, Mennonite #151

Church Hymnal, Mennonite #358

Church Hymnal, Mennonite #576

TextPage Scan

CPWI Hymnal #50

Les Chants du Pèlerin #72

Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreAudioPage Scan

Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #333

TextPage Scan

Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #599


Small Church Music #2117


The Cyber Hymnal #2194


The Cyber Hymnal #4994

TextPage Scan

The New National Baptist Hymnal (21st Century Edition) #124

TextPage Scan

Trinity Psalter Hymnal #388

TextPage Scan

Worship and Service Hymnal #135

生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #216

Include 182 pre-1979 instances
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