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Arthur Sullivan

1842 - 1900 Person Name: Sir Arthur Sullivan Composer of "BISHOPGARTH" in The Fellowship Hymn Book Arthur Seymour Sullivan (b Lambeth, London. England. 1842; d. Westminster, London, 1900) was born of an Italian mother and an Irish father who was an army band­master and a professor of music. Sullivan entered the Chapel Royal as a chorister in 1854. He was elected as the first Mendelssohn scholar in 1856, when he began his studies at the Royal Academy of Music in London. He also studied at the Leipzig Conservatory (1858-1861) and in 1866 was appointed professor of composition at the Royal Academy of Music. Early in his career Sullivan composed oratorios and music for some Shakespeare plays. However, he is best known for writing the music for lyrics by William S. Gilbert, which produced popular operettas such as H.M.S. Pinafore (1878), The Pirates of Penzance (1879), The Mikado (1884), and Yeomen of the Guard (1888). These operettas satirized the court and everyday life in Victorian times. Although he com­posed some anthems, in the area of church music Sullivan is best remembered for his hymn tunes, written between 1867 and 1874 and published in The Hymnary (1872) and Church Hymns (1874), both of which he edited. He contributed hymns to A Hymnal Chiefly from The Book of Praise (1867) and to the Presbyterian collection Psalms and Hymns for Divine Worship (1867). A complete collection of his hymns and arrangements was published posthumously as Hymn Tunes by Arthur Sullivan (1902). Sullivan steadfastly refused to grant permission to those who wished to make hymn tunes from the popular melodies in his operettas. Bert Polman

Ralph Vaughan Williams

1872 - 1958 Person Name: Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872-1958 arr. and harm. of "NACHTIGALL" in The Australian Hymn Book with Catholic Supplement Through his composing, conducting, collecting, editing, and teaching, Ralph Vaughan Williams (b. Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, England, October 12, 1872; d. Westminster, London, England, August 26, 1958) became the chief figure in the realm of English music and church music in the first half of the twentieth century. His education included instruction at the Royal College of Music in London and Trinity College, Cambridge, as well as additional studies in Berlin and Paris. During World War I he served in the army medical corps in France. Vaughan Williams taught music at the Royal College of Music (1920-1940), conducted the Bach Choir in London (1920-1927), and directed the Leith Hill Music Festival in Dorking (1905-1953). A major influence in his life was the English folk song. A knowledgeable collector of folk songs, he was also a member of the Folksong Society and a supporter of the English Folk Dance Society. Vaughan Williams wrote various articles and books, including National Music (1935), and composed numerous arrange­ments of folk songs; many of his compositions show the impact of folk rhythms and melodic modes. His original compositions cover nearly all musical genres, from orchestral symphonies and concertos to choral works, from songs to operas, and from chamber music to music for films. Vaughan Williams's church music includes anthems; choral-orchestral works, such as Magnificat (1932), Dona Nobis Pacem (1936), and Hodie (1953); and hymn tune settings for organ. But most important to the history of hymnody, he was music editor of the most influential British hymnal at the beginning of the twentieth century, The English Hymnal (1906), and coeditor (with Martin Shaw) of Songs of Praise (1925, 1931) and the Oxford Book of Carols (1928). Bert Polman

Johann Schop

1590 - 1667 Composer of "ERMUNTRE DICH" in The Chapel Hymnal Johann Schop Germany 1590-1667. Born at lower Saxony, Germany, he became a Lutheran composer and violinist, much admired for his virtuoso and technical ability. In 1614 Duke Friedrich Ulrich made him a probationary musician in the Hofkapelle at Wolfenbuttel. He performed playing various instruments, but excelled as a violinist. He was engaged permanently in 1615, but the same year he responded to a summons to join the flourishing musical establishment of King Christian IV of Denmark in Copenhagen. There he met English viol player, William Brade, who had earlier been in service to Hamburg, Germany (and may have taught Schop there). Schops compositions for the violin set impressive demands for that area at that time. He also played other instruments, including the violi, lute, cornet, trombon, trumpet, zinke, and violin (virtuoso). In 1619 Schop and Brade left Copenhagen to escape the plague. He then went to Iburg, where he worked at the courtof the Osnabruck bishop, Philipp Sigismund. Schop had such a reputation that he soon acquired a post as Kapellmeister at an establishment in Hamburg and was the first member of the council music. In 1621 he was its director and the leading municipal violinist in that city, which offered him a substantial income for his participation in the church music program. He also was organist at the Jacobikirche. In 1634 he again traveled to Copenhagen with Heinrich Schutz and Heinrich Albert for the wedding of Crown Prince Christian. He won a violin contest there. Few German violinists were of his caliber musically. He returned to Hamburg, and the Danish king tried several times to woo him back to Denmark, but he stayed in Hamburg, becoming a director of music. He published books of violin music in 4 to 6 parts. He wrote two books of well-loved dance pieces and sacred concertos. He co-founded a school of song writing there in Hamburg with Thomas Selle. Many of his tunes were writtten for fellow townsmen and friend Johann Rist. Some of his music was performed at the Peace of Westphalia celebrations. Some of his tunes were used by chants in a cantata. Schop was married (wife’s name not found) and they had two sons, Johann II, and Albert, who also became musicians. He died in Hamburg. John Perry

George T. Coster

1835 - 1912 Person Name: George Thomas Coster, 1835-1912 Author of "O God our Father, throned on high" in The Chapel Hymnal Coster, George Thomas, was born in 1835 at Chatham, Kent; studied for the Congregational Ministry at New College, London; ordained in 1859 at Newport, Essex, and has since held pastorates at Barnstaple, Hull, South Norwood, and Whitby. He has published (besides many sermons and tracts) Pastors and People, 1869; Allegories, 1878; Lorrin and other Poems, 1859; the Rhyme of St. Peter's Fall, 1871, and Poems and Hymns, 1882. He has also contributed several poems on Scripture characters (a line in which he excels) to The Poet's Bible, and edited, in 1869 Temperance Melodies and Religious Hymns. Of his hymns the following are in common use:— 1. Dost thou bow beneath the burthen. Fellowship with God. This is an imitation of Dr. Neale's "Art thou weary." It is No. 1112 in the 1880 Supplement to the Baptist Psalms and Hymns. 2. From north and south and east and west. Missions. 3. Lord of the sea! afar from land. Sabbath at Sea. Nos. 2 and 3 are in Horder's Congregational Hymns, 1884. [Rev. W. Garrett Horder] --John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907) =============== Coster, G. T., p. 263, i. The following hymns by Mr. Coster have been written and have come into common use since 1892:— 1. Going to the Father. [The Man of Sorrows.] Written in 1899, and published in his Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 13, in 5 stanzas of 8 lines. 2. Lord God Almighty, in Thy hand. [Praise.] Written in 1897, and published in his Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 3, in 7 stanzas of 4 lines, and entitled "We praise Thy power." 3. Lord of the gracious sunshine. [Temperance.] Written at the request of the Rev. W. G. Horder for his Hymns Supplemental on Oct. 51893. It is in extensive use in Great Britain and America. In the author'sHessle Hymns, 1901, No. 30, and entitled "A National Foe." 4. March on, 0 Soul, with strength. [Christian Battle Song.] Written in Bedford Park, London, Aug. 3, 1897, and printed in The Evangelical Magazine, Feb., 1898. In the Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 29, in 6 stanzas of 6 lines, and headed "Battle Song." It is in common use in America, including The Pilgrim Hymnal, 1904, and others. 5. O Friend Divine! with Thee apart. [Fellowship with Christ.] First published in the Evangelical Magazine, Sept., 1900; also in his Hessle Hymns, 1901 No. 25, in 6 stanzas of 4 lines. Included in The Pilgrim Hymnal, 1904. 6. Skill and beauty from Thee live. [Opening of a Sale of Work.] First published in his Hymns and Poems, 1882, and again in his Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 33, in 3 stanzas of 4 lines. 7. Thou Whose great baptismal hour. [Holy Baptism.] Written in 1892, at the request of W. G. Horder, for the Baptist edition of his Worship Song, and given therein 1895, No. 697; also in the Baptist Church Hymnal, 1900, No. 504, and the author's Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 19. 8. We join with all in every place. [Holy Communion.] Written in 1891, and first published in Border's Hymns Supplemental, 1894, and the Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 20, in 3 stanzas of 6 lines, and entitled “United Communion Service." In addition to the above the following hymns are appearing in forthcoming collections:— 9. Comrades' names are on our banner. [National Hymn] Written at Scarborough, July, 1901, and printed in The Examiner (the weekly organ of the Congregational Churches), May 8, 1902; also in the author's When the Stars Appear, 1903, p. 11, in 6 stanzas of 6 lines, and entitled "Names on Our Banner." 10. King of the City Splendid. [National Hymn) Written at Bedford Park, London, Aug. 18, 1897, and printed in The Independent (Congregational weekly), Jan. 27, 1898. In his Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 40, in 10 stanzas of 6 lines, and entitled "Prayer for our Cities." Concerning the three hymns noted on p. 263, i., the author says :— 1. Dost thou bow beneath the burden! "It was written in 1879, and first printed in the Evangelical Magazine, May, 1879." In the Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 22. 2. From north and south, and east and west. "Originally written in 1864, and first printed in the Evangelical Magazine. In later collections it haft been considerably altered" In its varying forms it is the most widely known of the author's hymns. Authorised text in Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 26. 3. Lord of the Sea, afar from land. "Written in 1874, and printed in The Christian World magazine, 1879." Included in Hessle Hymns, 1901, No. 31. Since 1890 Mr. Coster has held the pastorates of Stroud and of Hessle, near Hull. He retired from the active ministry in 1902. His later poetical works include Collected Poems, 1890; Gloria Christi, 189G; Hessle Hymns, 1901; When the Stars appear, 1903; and Beams of Christ's Glory, 1904. In these works Mr. Coster has maintained his reputation as a writer of hymns. --John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, New Supplement (1907)

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